Amritsar is a city in northwestern India and the administrative headquarters of Amritsar district in the state of Punjab. The city lies about 25 km east of the border with Pakistan and is a major commercial, cultural, and transportation centre. It is also the centre of Sikhism and the site of the Sikh’s principal place of worship.
Amritsar, literally a Pool of Nectar, derives its name from Amrit Sarovar, the holy tank that surrounds the fabulous Harimandir Sahib or Golden Temple (the most revered shrine of Sikhs). The city was founded by Guru Ram Das ji, the fourth Sikh guru, in year 1577, under the instructions of Guru Amar Das ji, the third Guru of the Sikhs. The early name of the city was Chak Guru. Before its establishment, the area under the city was a part of the vast area covered under Indus valley Civilization during the early period of history.
A city of historic walls and impressive gateways, Amritsar gained importance under the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, one of the most resplendent figures in Sikh history. The city lies on the Grand Trunk road, Asia’s one of the oldest and longest major roads connecting Eastern & Western parts of Indian sub-continent, built by King Sher Shah Suri in year 1539.
The city of Amritsar a dazzling showcase of composite culture and secular heritage .It has a proud past .a glorious present and a promising future .This most important city of Majha has rightly been called the mukut-mani (Jewel of the crown)of the Punjab. Amritsar is like a diamond with many facets. The essential spirit of the city is found not only in its gurudwaras & temples, mosques & churches, takias & khankahs but also in its theatres & galleries, parks & gardens, archives & libraries, art & architecture, museums & memorials, havelis & forts, fairs & festivals, vibrant folk dances & scintillating taans, narrow lanes & winding alleys, parlours & boutiques, clubs & pubs, traditional bustling markets & lip-smacking cuisine.
Besides the Golden temple, Amritsar city is home to many sites of historic, spiritual and cultural significance, like, Durgiana Temple, Wagah Border, Jallian Wala Bagh, Ram Bagh, Jama Masjid Khairuddin, et al to name a few. In addition, the city is famous for its woolens, carpets and blankets, kites, juttis, cut-glass work, bangles and embroidered stuff.