Badami is a city located in Bagalkot district in India’s southern state of Karnataka . The foundations of Badami were laid in 6th century AD by Badami Chalukyas. The city was also known as Vatapi. It is located in a ravine at the foot of a rugged, red sandstone outcrop that surrounds Agastya lake. Badami is surrounded by many pre-historic places including Khyad area of Badami, Hiregudda, sidlaphadi and Kutkankeri (Junjunpadi, Shigipadi and Anipadi), where the rock shelters megalithic burial sites and paintings can be seen.
Badami is famous for its sandstone cave temples. These rock-cut Badami Cave Temples were sculpted mostly between the 6th and 8th centuries. The four cave temples represent the secular nature of the rulers (Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism). cave 1 is devoted to Shiva, and Caves 2 and 3 are dedicated to Vishnu, whereas cave 4 displays reliefs of Jain Tirthankaras.
The city is noted with several temples, stone inscriptions (Badami has eighteen inscriptions, The first Sanskrit inscription in old Kannada script, on a hillock dates back to 543 CE, from the period of Pulakeshi I), gateways, forts, and statues. Some famous structures are Bhuhtanatha temple (constructed in 5th century), Badami Fort; Shivalayas (including the malegatti Shivalaya with 7th century origins); Dattatreya temple and Mallikarjuna temple (dating back to the 11th century, built on a star shaped plan) Temple of Banashankari. Agastya lake can be considered as a natural heritage.